The best type of surgery to help you lose weight will depend on a number of factors. You should discuss with your doctor what kind of surgery might be for you to help you make an informed decision while choosing the best weight loss surgery Houston offers.
How does weight loss surgery work?
The most effective weight loss surgery Houston has to offer helps in weight loss in different ways:
- Restriction: this surgery works by reducing the stomach size and preventing it from stretching to full size. A normal stomach can hold 1.5 liters of food but after surgery, the capacity reduces to about a quarter of a liter. When the stomach is small, you’ll tend to eat less since you’ll feel full faster and when you eat less, you lose more weight.
- Malabsorption: in this operation, the food bypasses a section of the digestive tract so that minimal calories are absorbed. The less the calories absorbed, the more weight you lose.
- Implanting an electrical device: this is the most recent of the three procedures. It works by interrupting nerve signals between the stomach and the brain which stimulates weight loss.
What are your options for Bariatric Surgery?
There are several options for bariatric surgery. It is advisable to choose a surgeon who offers multiple types of weight surgeries to ensure that you undergo the one that best suits you. Your options for weight-loss surgeries may include:
- Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding. This procedure involves laparoscopically placing of an inflatable silicone band around the outer stomach to tighten it into a small pouch. This helps to limit your food intake leading to weight loss. The band can be adjusted to minimize side effects or to enhance weight loss. Gastric banding is a minimally invasive weight loss operation and it is reversible where necessary.
Gastric bypass surgery also called Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has two parts:
- The stomach is separated into two portions; one large portion and a really small portion. The surgeon then staples the small stomach portion into a small pouch.
- While the large portion remains in the abdomen and does not receive food any longer, the small pouch becomes the new stomach and it is disconnected from the upper part of the small intestines and is directly linked to the lower part of the small intestines. The food bypasses a large portion of the stomach and intestines to reduce calories absorption. The food intake also reduces since the usable stomach is much smaller.
Biliopancreatic diversion. Similar to the gastric bypass, the stomach is divided into two portions to create a small pouch. However, the large stomach portion is completely removed while the small stomach pouch is directly connected to a lower part of the small intestines. The result is a smaller stomach and the food bypasses a large section of the intestines hence, the amount of food intake and calories absorbed decreases.
Though rarely performed the biliopancreatic diversion is highly effective but difficult to perform.
- Vertical-sleeve gastrectomy. It is also called gastric sleeve surgery and it involves the removal of a large portion of your stomach leaving only a sleeve-like section that is closed with staples. Due to the smaller stomach size, you feel full sooner, therefore, reducing the food intake. Removing part of the stomach also affects gut bacteria and appetite hormones which reduces appetite and metabolism. Gastric sleeve surgery is permanent.